Location: Lumezzane, Brescia in Italy
Architect: Camillo ARW Associates
Material: wood & Glass
Completion date: 2014
Site area: 6600m2
Built area: 487m2
Studio: ARW Associates
Lead Architect: Arch. Camillo Botticini
Design team: Arch. Lucia Fanetti, Eng. Paolo Dellana, Arch. Giorgia Guseo, Arch. Stefano Farina
Project manager: Arch. Camillo Botticini
Construction supervisor: Geom. Roberto Migliorati - (Baglioni Costruzioni S.r.l.)
Structure consultants: Ing. Franco Palmieri
ITF and electrical plant design consultants: Planex S.r.l.; ing. Luca Corini – studio mc2
Manufacturer: Baglioni Costruzioni S.r.l.
Photographer: atelier XYZ-Niccolò Galeazzi, Eugenie Pons
Text provided by the architect:
The relationship with the ground and the landscape are the material that constructs the project: the ground by communicating with the project operates a principle of “rootedness” into the slope to the north, where the house seems to bite the mountain, the landscape inspires the principle of “emancipation" to the south, with an overhang that throws the home to the valley. To the north, a courtyard opened towards the mountains allows you to look at the profile of the dolomite rock peaks that at 1200 m above sea level continue the tilted green plane and virtually close the fourth side of the house. To the south, a large continuous window mediates between the interior of the living and the landscape.
Concept-context and strategy
The house has an irregular plan shaped like a “C” containing an inner patio with a fourth-side made by a green tilted plane. The volume consists of three bodies with variable heights growing from the north-west, where the volume disappears into the ground. Starting from the west side, the first body has three bedrooms, two of them overlooking the patio, with a bathroom among them, and the third one faces to the west towards them clearing. The second body has a north-south orientation and a variable height from 3.50 to 4.50 m. It includes the living room, an open space suspended between the patio and the landscape. Its closed side hosts a fireplace that takes the same size as the south continuous window. To the opposite, the living room communicates with the dining area, collocated in the third body. This highest body has a double-height and includes a mezzanine, with a large window for astronomical observation, and below the kitchen overlooked to the patio. The house creates an integrated fluid area simultaneously opened to the outside and protected on the east and west sides. All the living spaces are connected by a ceiling made by triangular planes with a continuous and recessed light system.
Construction-materials and structure
The house is sustainable in the settlement balance with the landscape and environmentally friendly in the choice of building materials and insulation. The Geothermal system, the heat pumps, the ventilated walls, that create natural ventilation in the deep walls (65 cm) to protect against cold and over-heating, help to build a house with very low heating costs, consumptions and zero pollution (Italian Energy Efficiency Certificate: class A+). The green meadows and the existing trees frame the external finishing in folded and pre-oxidized copper, Accoya wood, and triple glazing windows that constitute the artifice in counterpoint with the natural landscape. The pre-oxidized copper is modulated with slight pleating to make the light more vibrant on this non-reflecting surface. The big wooden frame reflects the light coming from the south. The glass is the third construction material and creates a fluid but protected connection between interior and exterior. Inside the sand-colored resin floors, the plastered walls and ceilings and the glazed parapets exalt the space and its continuity, facilitating the integration to the site.